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Fishing Basics – Some Hook Styles and Purposes

Fishing Basics – Some Hook Styles and Purposes

Tuna hooks are almost circular hooks with just holes in the shank-end for the eyes, and a curved-in point. Contrary to its name, these are not for tuna fishing but mostly used for deepwater bottom fishing. The circular configuration makes it difficult for the hooked fish to dislodge the hook once caught due to three barriers: the barb, the turned-in point and the shank end. Theoretically, circle hooks do not catch the fish in the gut or throat, but in the mouth, so that releasing them is easier.

Long shanked hooks. Mostly Limerick, Aberdeen and similar styles, are thin-wire hooks with long shanks and dark colors, from red to black. Some have small burrs at the back of the shank to hold the bait and may have turned-in or turned-out eye. Used primarily to catch soft-mouth fishes like river carp, but also effective for flounder and other flatfishes. This hook style is popular in Great Britain and European coarse fishing.

General purpose hooks. Exemplified by the round haddock, O’Shaughnessy and flatted hooks in their varied styles. Round haddock hooks have large eyes turned along the hook bend and point. Considered not as effective as others but almost perfect for multi-hook trolling flies, since the tinsel or fiber can be threaded through the large eye to hold them more securely. Still remains popular in many areas.

The O’Shaughnessy style is deemed the best all-purpose type, and many variations are available. This style has a small eye turned perpendicular to the bend and point, and with the shank bent a little forward. Variations include the baitholder, with the small points at the shank to hold the soft bait; and snelled hooks with turned-in or -out eyes, sold with short leaders already tied. Weedless hooks are those with a short piece of wire from the eye to the point, to ward off weeds and other water debris from lodging in the hook bend or point. Weedless hooks are mostly used in fishing water with thick vegetation, either with bait or as flyhook. Many hooks can be rigged weedless, though.

On the other hand, the flatted hooks have flat shank ends instead of eyes, the flat part to bar the snell knot from pulling out of the hook. Snelled flattened hooks are popular to light long-liner fishermen, but not to sportfishermen because the thin flattened end breaks rather easily. Also the flat end hurts one’s finger when removing the hook from the fish.

Multi-hooks. A tandem hook is a hook with a smaller no-eye one welded into it. It is used as stinger hook: attached to the main hook with a short leader, then the tandem’s smaller hook is pushed into the tail part of the (usually live) bait to catch wary fishes that attack only the rear part of the bait.

Trebles are three hooks welded into one, commonly used in lures, from crankbaits through trolling lures to diamond jigs. A treble hook is usually attached to the lure via a split ring to give it free play, although some use hook eyes. Trebles can be effective also in certain fly designs, especially those that are made to resemble octopuses or squids.

Special design hooks. These are the keel hooks, jig, Kahle, and offset hooks. Keel (worm) hooks, those with shanks double-bent just below the eye so the point will ride upward, used primarily for saltwater flies and for soft-plastic worms in freshwater fishing. Jig hooks are bent in 90 degrees or so just below the eye which then makes the point to ride up. The lead weight is molded around the shank bend, making the jig virtually weedless.

A Kahle hook has a severe bend in the shank and is largely used for live bait – crawfish, baitfish and shrimp- as well as stink baits. The Skip Gap Worm hook is bent a few times at the shank near the eye to better hold plastic baits such as worms, grubs and newts. The bait is flipped under wood piers and docks or around weeds so a good hold is imperative.

Of a unique style is the offset hooks, which have points bent either left or right (kirbed or reversed). The offset point is believed to hook faster and surer, since the point will bite any way the hook is mouthed by the fish.

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Actually, there are more hook designs than hook-and-line fishing styles, so the angler is faced with some difficulty in selecting his hooks. Added to that is the fact that many hooks designs can serve purposes other than those it was developed for, if with lessened effectiveness. Therefore, one must carefully consider the fishing he is to do to determine the hook he should have, in order to make the best out of his activity.

Hampton Beach Deep Sea Fishing – Amazing Fishing Experience Guaranteed

Hampton Beach offers the best location if are looking to go Deep Sea Fishing. The waters are excellent for fishing with beaches against the most beautiful backdrops, where you can admire the deep sea fishing boats bobbing to and fro. If you are coming for Deep Sea Fishing in Hampton Beach, you will want to check out the best charters for a fantastic trip out to sea in comfort and style.

You can find many packages on offer for the perfect fishing excursion. A half-day excursion can give you a taster so that you can get a feel of the waters, especially if you are a beginner, and to have a go at Deep Sea Fishing to see if it is for you. In Hampton Bay you can get an excellent catch in cod, haddock or mackerel and if you venture out more than three miles offshore up to about twelve miles, you will get more of a choice. Your trip can last about four hours so a newcomer get acquainted with the waters and the process to satisfy their curiosity.

There are Hampton Bay charters for the more experienced, so that you can go out further, giving you a full day of fishing lasting about 8 or 9 hours. Your boat will take you out over twelve miles to about twenty miles, so that you even lose sight of the shore. This gives you the perfect opportunity to fish for the more exotic catches of sandsharks, wolfish, also the chance to get some larger sized haddock, redfish and tuna for a wonderful experience.

For the complete novice, who may not quite be cut out for this Deep Sea Fishing, there are the inshore services of Hampton Bay charters, which will just take you offshore for about two miles for a trip lasting about two or three hours. Here, try catching some flounder, some small mackerel, perch, as well as other inshore specimens. The cost of this will of course be less expensive, an attractive choice for those who want a taster, unsure of their interest in Deep Sea Fishing and those who are afraid of the sea or deeper Swaters, and especially if you think you may get sea sickness.

For the warmer weather of Spring and Summer, you could be more adventurous and feel like trying an extended trip in the bay. The fish are out in force in the waters, so the charter services in Hampton Bay can offer you a marathon trip of 12 hours, going much farther out to sea, to get the true feel and experience that you expect from Deep Sea Fishing.

Anglers out on Hampton Bay target the abundance of cod that is found largely in this area. You can also find bluefish, cusk, haddock, hake, mackerel, pollock that are most common in these waters. With such an array of fishing options in Hampton Bay, and a vast variety to choose from, you will get a fair idea of what it is to go Deep Sea Fishing.

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Fish Bait Recipes – How to Mix Your Own Bait

Cured Salmon Eggs

If you are fishing for large game fish, cured salmon eggs are the ideal bait. Largemouth bass, muskellunge, salmon, and other large fish species love them.

Here’s how to cure salmon eggs to use as bait:

1. Withdraw the eggs from a salmon you are cleaning, keeping the egg sacs intact.

2. Cover a large, flat,moveable surface with 1/4 inch of borax.

3. Cut the egg sacs across the membrane in slits of 3 to 4 inches.

4. Lay the egg sac sections 1 inch apart on top of the borax.

5. Scatter more borax over the top to produce a light coating.

6. Be sure all egg sacs are covered.

7. Move the large mobile surface that the eggs are on to a protected area with good circulation all around.

8. The eggs must not be in direct sunlight and cannot get moist.

9. Allow the sacs to dry for 2 to 3 days, turning them every 12 hours.

10. Pick the egg sacs out of the borax and shake off any excess.

11. Place them in plastic bags or storage containers.

The egg sacs are ready to use when they are completely dry and leatherlike, but pliable. If properly cured, they can be kept in their containers until your next fishing trip.


Cheese Bait

Cheese bait can be utilized to catch catfish, chub, and carp. In fact, carp especially love cheese bait. So if you’re seeking to catch any of these species or a huge carp that’s been hanging around your fishing hole, here’s how to construct your own cheese bait:

1. Use 10 ounces of pie pastry and roll it flat on a chopping board or counter top.

2. Smear the pastry with aged cheddar flavor.

3. Add 6 ounces of grated cured cheddar cheese and 4 ounces of Danish blue cheese, crumbled to fine grains.

4. Fold the pastry over the cheese, so it is entirely covered and roll out.

5. Repeat this process until the pie pastry and the cheese are thoroughly mixed and the cheese is absorbed by the pastry.

6. Form the paste into a big ball and knead by hand.

7. Add 10 drops of the mature cheddar flavoring to a freezer bag and place the cheese paste ball into the bag.

8. Place the bag into the freezer.

When thawed, this bait has an appealing consistency and texture, and a very powerful odor. Roll the thawed paste into small balls and place them into a container for your next excursion.

When you place a cheese ball onto your hook, adjust the hook’s point into the center, cast and wait patiently for the fish to bite. Your wait should be short and the catch satisfying.

Check out the free fishing articles at Fishing Gear or Fishing for Fun.

Copyright 2008 Ron King. This article may be reprinted if the resource box is left intact and the links live.

Related Blogs

How To Fly Fish For Carp

Fly fishing for carp is awesome and frustrating at the same time. Carp have a really uncanny ability to spit out baits they deem suspicious before you have a chance to set your hook.  Although it’s a very exciting thing to see, it can also be heartbreaking to see a large carp disregard your bait and quickly swim away. If you do hook one, however, hold on for deal life and hold on to that trembling, vibrating fishing pole!

Carp regularly come to the surface looking for food and the best baits to lure them there are breads, chic peas, salmon eggs and canned corn. These are all inexpensive baits as well.  These baits must be securely attached to a #4 or #6 hook.  It’s advisable to break your bread into small portions, dampen it, seal it in a sandwich bag, and let it sit in the sun for about an hour or so.  Since different breads have different textures,you’ll have to experiment to know which one will stay firm enough to cast.  Another great bait are the pellets which you can buy ready to use.  These are simply store made versions of classic baits, all rolled into a convenient, and smelly pellet!

Carp tend to scare easily, so when they begin to swim around your bait, be careful not to jerk the bait and scare them away.  The longer they analyze the bait, the more comfortable they’ll become.  This is the fisherman’s best chance for a nice strike.  This tactic can be very useful if using zig rigs.

If a carp takes your bait, quickly rebait your hook and cast back in.  Don’t cast directly on top of the feeding carp or they will surely scatter.  Cast away from the feeding area then slowly reel the bait into position.  Slowly reel your bait into the middle of the feeding carp, and try hard to keep it as close to the surface as possible.  You may want to rig it 6-8 inches unter a float to ensure it sits close to the surface. 

Here are some tips that have been helpful to me:

-Use smaller amounts of bait for carp.  They nibble at the bait, and a big chunk will allow them to nibble for a long time before getting to the hook.  You don’t want them to get their fill without taking your hook.

-Use heavyweight line and a steel leader.  Carp tend to rub their teeth and gums together after they bite, and this can break your line.  I recommend at least thirty pound test line, as carp are voracious fighters.

-Dip a piece of sponge in some fish scent (can be bought at any bait 7 tackle store) and hang the sponge above your hook.  The scent will help the carp find the bait-and your hook.

-Using a float is a good idea because it helps keep your bait close to the surface and it’s easy to find your rig.  You can also tell right away when you get a bite.

-When fly fishing for carp, use a standard five second count after your fly or bait hits the water.  If you don’t get any hits, increase it to ten seconds.  Carp tend to practice restraint if they are unsure of a bait.  Those extra seconds could mean the difference between getting a bite or not. 

In the end, it really isn’t the bait that’s most important but how the bait is fished.  Throwing some bait into the water before fishing, also called “chumming”, can also be an effective technique to draw carp to your fishing area.  This makes the carp think that there is an excessive amount of food for them there and before you know it there will be a large school of them ready to feed.  The number one key to fishing is patience.  If you can wait them out and wait for them to realize there is food available, you’ll definitely catch a big carp.

If you would like to learn more about fishing for carp and read some more fly fishing tips, visit: Fishing Tips For Beginners