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Fishing Basics – Some Hook Styles and Purposes

Fishing Basics – Some Hook Styles and Purposes

Tuna hooks are almost circular hooks with just holes in the shank-end for the eyes, and a curved-in point. Contrary to its name, these are not for tuna fishing but mostly used for deepwater bottom fishing. The circular configuration makes it difficult for the hooked fish to dislodge the hook once caught due to three barriers: the barb, the turned-in point and the shank end. Theoretically, circle hooks do not catch the fish in the gut or throat, but in the mouth, so that releasing them is easier.

Long shanked hooks. Mostly Limerick, Aberdeen and similar styles, are thin-wire hooks with long shanks and dark colors, from red to black. Some have small burrs at the back of the shank to hold the bait and may have turned-in or turned-out eye. Used primarily to catch soft-mouth fishes like river carp, but also effective for flounder and other flatfishes. This hook style is popular in Great Britain and European coarse fishing.

General purpose hooks. Exemplified by the round haddock, O’Shaughnessy and flatted hooks in their varied styles. Round haddock hooks have large eyes turned along the hook bend and point. Considered not as effective as others but almost perfect for multi-hook trolling flies, since the tinsel or fiber can be threaded through the large eye to hold them more securely. Still remains popular in many areas.


The O’Shaughnessy style is deemed the best all-purpose type, and many variations are available. This style has a small eye turned perpendicular to the bend and point, and with the shank bent a little forward. Variations include the baitholder, with the small points at the shank to hold the soft bait; and snelled hooks with turned-in or -out eyes, sold with short leaders already tied. Weedless hooks are those with a short piece of wire from the eye to the point, to ward off weeds and other water debris from lodging in the hook bend or point. Weedless hooks are mostly used in fishing water with thick vegetation, either with bait or as flyhook. Many hooks can be rigged weedless, though.

On the other hand, the flatted hooks have flat shank ends instead of eyes, the flat part to bar the snell knot from pulling out of the hook. Snelled flattened hooks are popular to light long-liner fishermen, but not to sportfishermen because the thin flattened end breaks rather easily. Also the flat end hurts one’s finger when removing the hook from the fish.

Multi-hooks. A tandem hook is a hook with a smaller no-eye one welded into it. It is used as stinger hook: attached to the main hook with a short leader, then the tandem’s smaller hook is pushed into the tail part of the (usually live) bait to catch wary fishes that attack only the rear part of the bait.

Trebles are three hooks welded into one, commonly used in lures, from crankbaits through trolling lures to diamond jigs. A treble hook is usually attached to the lure via a split ring to give it free play, although some use hook eyes. Trebles can be effective also in certain fly designs, especially those that are made to resemble octopuses or squids.

Special design hooks. These are the keel hooks, jig, Kahle, and offset hooks. Keel (worm) hooks, those with shanks double-bent just below the eye so the point will ride upward, used primarily for saltwater flies and for soft-plastic worms in freshwater fishing. Jig hooks are bent in 90 degrees or so just below the eye which then makes the point to ride up. The lead weight is molded around the shank bend, making the jig virtually weedless.

A Kahle hook has a severe bend in the shank and is largely used for live bait – crawfish, baitfish and shrimp- as well as stink baits. The Skip Gap Worm hook is bent a few times at the shank near the eye to better hold plastic baits such as worms, grubs and newts. The bait is flipped under wood piers and docks or around weeds so a good hold is imperative.

Of a unique style is the offset hooks, which have points bent either left or right (kirbed or reversed). The offset point is believed to hook faster and surer, since the point will bite any way the hook is mouthed by the fish.

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Actually, there are more hook designs than hook-and-line fishing styles, so the angler is faced with some difficulty in selecting his hooks. Added to that is the fact that many hooks designs can serve purposes other than those it was developed for, if with lessened effectiveness. Therefore, one must carefully consider the fishing he is to do to determine the hook he should have, in order to make the best out of his activity.

Hampton Beach Deep Sea Fishing – Amazing Fishing Experience Guaranteed

Hampton Beach offers the best location if are looking to go Deep Sea Fishing. The waters are excellent for fishing with beaches against the most beautiful backdrops, where you can admire the deep sea fishing boats bobbing to and fro. If you are coming for Deep Sea Fishing in Hampton Beach, you will want to check out the best charters for a fantastic trip out to sea in comfort and style.

You can find many packages on offer for the perfect fishing excursion. A half-day excursion can give you a taster so that you can get a feel of the waters, especially if you are a beginner, and to have a go at Deep Sea Fishing to see if it is for you. In Hampton Bay you can get an excellent catch in cod, haddock or mackerel and if you venture out more than three miles offshore up to about twelve miles, you will get more of a choice. Your trip can last about four hours so a newcomer get acquainted with the waters and the process to satisfy their curiosity.

There are Hampton Bay charters for the more experienced, so that you can go out further, giving you a full day of fishing lasting about 8 or 9 hours. Your boat will take you out over twelve miles to about twenty miles, so that you even lose sight of the shore. This gives you the perfect opportunity to fish for the more exotic catches of sandsharks, wolfish, also the chance to get some larger sized haddock, redfish and tuna for a wonderful experience.

For the complete novice, who may not quite be cut out for this Deep Sea Fishing, there are the inshore services of Hampton Bay charters, which will just take you offshore for about two miles for a trip lasting about two or three hours. Here, try catching some flounder, some small mackerel, perch, as well as other inshore specimens. The cost of this will of course be less expensive, an attractive choice for those who want a taster, unsure of their interest in Deep Sea Fishing and those who are afraid of the sea or deeper Swaters, and especially if you think you may get sea sickness.

For the warmer weather of Spring and Summer, you could be more adventurous and feel like trying an extended trip in the bay. The fish are out in force in the waters, so the charter services in Hampton Bay can offer you a marathon trip of 12 hours, going much farther out to sea, to get the true feel and experience that you expect from Deep Sea Fishing.

Anglers out on Hampton Bay target the abundance of cod that is found largely in this area. You can also find bluefish, cusk, haddock, hake, mackerel, pollock that are most common in these waters. With such an array of fishing options in Hampton Bay, and a vast variety to choose from, you will get a fair idea of what it is to go Deep Sea Fishing.

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Fishing – A Beginners Glossary Part 1

Fishing – A Beginners Glossary Part 1


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Home Page > Sports and Fitness > Fishing > Fishing – A Beginners Glossary Part 1

Fishing – A Beginners Glossary Part 1

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Posted: Aug 18, 2009 |Comments: 0
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The basic concept of fishing is fairly basic and self explanatory. Fishing is the act of catching fish. Or my particular favourite dictionary definition for fishing is, “the diversion of catching fish!”  I am not sure whether they mean a diversion for the angler from their regular day to day life or the act of diverting the fish onto the hook or into a net! 

As with any transaction there are usually two parties involved. In this case we have the fisherman or fisherwoman as the “fish-er” and the fish, would logically, to me at least, be the “fish-ee”.

What about some of the terms we hear regarding fishing though? To the uninitiated it can sound like a load of old trout!

Ok here is a really easy one to kick off with:

1. Fish type/species followed by the word “fishing”- For example, carp, bass or trout and the word fishing, e.g. carp fishing. This really is as simple as it sounds. Fishing for a particular species of fish which in this case is carp.

2. Fishing Tackle – This is not some illegal challenge in football or soccer but in fact the equipment that is used for fishing. There is a large variety of fishing tackle available and much of it can be specialised, e.g. carp fishing tackle. Yes you guessed it, the fishing tackle used to try and catch carp.

3. Coarse Fishing – This is not fishing on a golf course (notice the subtle spelling difference) or any kind of course for that matter. It is in fact the name given to fishing (usually in the United Kingdom) for freshwater fish that are not considered game fish which are trout, salmon and char. Once again, carp is a common target for coarse fishers.

4. Fly Fishing – Fishing whilst flying would be really difficult and probably very dangerous, so that’s not what this is. Fly fishing is actually fishing with a very special kind of bait, an artificial fly. Yes a fake fly! The fishers use all kinds of fake fly, different sizes, different colours and the aim is to lure the fish with this unique bait.

5. Fishing Bait – Theoretically you could fish without much of the modern fishing tackle as I am sure they did in ages past, with just a sharp spear and an even sharper aim! However, whoever first came up with the idea of luring the fish with some kind of bait was clearly a genius. Fishing is now much easier than it ever was, with all kinds of bait available for all kinds of different fish and different fishing conditions.

This concludes part one of our “Beginners Fishing Glossary”. Tune in soon for part 2, when we will have a look at Sea Fishing, Bass Fishing and perhaps even the legend that is J R Hartley.

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If this has whetted your appetite for fishing then please feel free to visit the North West Angling Centre, a massive fishing superstore at www.nwac.co.uk stocking huge amounts of fishing tackle including carp fishing tackle.

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fishing, carp fising tackle, coarse fishing tackle, fishing equipment, fishing glossary, carp fishing, coarse fishing, sea fishing, bass fishing, fishing for beginners, beginner fishing, fishing bait, fly fishing, sport

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If this has whetted your appetite for fishing then please feel free to visit the North West Angling Centre, a massive fishing superstore at www.nwac.co.uk stocking huge amounts of fishing tackle including carp fishing tackle.

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