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Homemade Carp Bait Design – Formulating Your Own Recipes for Big Fish!

Homemade Carp Bait Design – Formulating Your Own Recipes for Big Fish!

Being able to formulate your own homemade carp bait recipes is such a powerful edge! Even if you happen to be a commercial bait maker, the same skills and knowledge and creativity apply. So how can you do it as a beginner or reasonably skilled bait-making angler? Read on for some great expert tips you probably will never read anywhere else!

I speak to a number of commercial bait makers on a regular basis as friends, and I am intrigued at how there really is little difference between the process of formulating homemade baits compared to commercial ones. They both have to work on a variety of waters all year round and work instantly, and have the capability to out-fish competing baits due to special features, components or other actions or characteristics etc that they may offer.

But do not be confused about the word instant. In fact highly nutritionally-stimulating baits can very easily have great edges over over-flavoured baits. Also, highly stimulating nutritional baits can be over-flavoured; many lines of concepts and approaches to bait design can cross-over, blend and enhance each other. This really struck me when I did some bait testing of various substances for Rod Hutchinson among others around the late eighties when I knew the boilie base mixes had been optimised for nutritional attraction, but were also used with sometimes very significant levels of flavours, and these worked extremely successfully for me as I experimented with different flavour levels!

A good homemade bait maker will maximise his baits for maximum effect, whether he is fishing waters dominated by brands of popular readymade baits or not. One flaw of many anglers fixation with recipes is that you do not necessarily need highly complex recipes to catch loads of fish. For instance there have been countless occasions when a great flavour used in a very low nutritional value bait has caught the biggest fish in a lake long with very significant numbers of other fish. The butyrate in pineapple flavour for instance can be enhanced in various ways so that when it is used even very simple carbohydrate-based baits (which are really basically flavour carriers,) results are pretty good.

Unfortunately there appears to be a mindset among far too anglers these days that for instance a yellow bait should mean it has a pineapple flavour. This kind of thinking really is hilarious and shows just how illogical thinking about baits by many carp anglers has become. For a start, why should you use a yellow bait, why should you use a bait with any significant flavour anyway, and even why should you even use a standard boilie bait at all? How many anglers even know which components within most pineapple flavours actually initiate any response by carp at all?

How many anglers have figured out what tones carp most easily detect in what light and water conditions anyway? It takes work and often long experience to figure out such things in real fishing terms and not merely in theoretical terms. But so many anglers just want it all on a plate, given to them instantly, with a minimum of thought involved. Obviously this mindset leads to stagnation of thinking processes and development of development of the angler in many ways that ruins otherwise great chances and potential opportunities for catches that anglers are simply not aware of! And of course then the bait or rig or conditions or whatever else gets the blame for poor results!

So for you thinking anglers reading this, (and I know you are many otherwise why would you be this article,) an enquiring mind is never satiated, just like a carp should never be satisfied after eating your baits; he should always want more and more!

So now, how about me giving you a few suggestions for formulating your own homemade baits! What kinds of ideas might help you that might well make a difference? Well firstly, do not begin with recipes and do not begin with ingredients. Consider where carp live, how they evolved their bodies in response to the available nutrition they have had in their environment for millennia.

Could it be that the availability of protein-rich mussel, snails and bloodworm for instance influence how external and internal senses and have become extremely sensitive to minute levels of excretions such organisms expel into the water column; thus making them detectable to hungry fish needing the nutrition within those organisms in order to survive. What about digestive juice excretions along the length of the digestive tract of carp and the efficiency of the wall of the tract to absorb digested nutrition; what natural substances and materials have influenced the optimum performance of this structure and the processes that are performed by the body chemistry, and physically too?

When you begin your design with the fish and realise that everything in your bait must be detected by fish within a water environment not an air environment, that too really has a great bearing on your choices and decisions about how important different aspects of your bait will be and how to optimise your baits and their performance most appropriately. For instance it is far better not to boil you baits in water. Apart from damage to nutritional factors that stimulate fish feeding and habitual aspects about baits in regards to repetitive fish feeding, boiling in just water simply leaches out an enormous volume of materials that really should only be leached out when you fish with those baits.

The skins of baits boiled in water are very much leached of attraction to the degree that the smell of the coagulated eggs in baits boiled like this are very obviously apparent; this is definitely not a good thing in the competitive world of carp fishing today, but much worse, you have lost performance!

If you are boiling your baits and the water you boil you baits in is obviously pretty attractive after your boiling of baits that is an obvious sign that you have just lost loads of potential bait performance by losing substances you just leached out of your baits into the boiled water. If nothing else if you must boil baits, add things like molasses, or a sweetener, or enhancer or a syrup, or a soluble extract, or fruit juice or a puree or soluble fish meal, Oxo or Marmite or pure vanilla extract or maple syrup or whatever in order to replace something of what is lost!

Ideally you will fast steam baits if you do heat you baits, but remember that heating baits to make hard baits is certainly far from absolutely necessary. It used to be the case that most leading carp anglers did their fishing using soft soluble paste baits; and these baits caught loads of record carp you know!

So I guess you still want a recipe or some choices for recipes of your own to adapt. OK so you know that starting out your design from the fish perspective is the way to approach things. This means that literally everything you put into your bait has a very significant reason for being there! For instance, the core of a bait might be low temperature fish meal which is an exceptional digestible nutritional food source. You might decide to bind this with perhaps whey protein concentrate.

This exceptional soluble milk provides extremely high quality protein among other factors. You do not need to get into first limiting amino acids etc unless you really do have all the technical data on every single ingredient in your bait; The vast majority of carp baits work in spite of not being optimised for digestion efficiency and much of the protein in high nutritional value baits is not digested nor assimilated for a variety of reasons anyway!

Caseins have been a part of carp bait making for so many years. These have fantastic track record, and various forms can be combined to take best advantage of their impressive essential amino acid profiles which they supply to carp. 90 mesh acid casein for example provides soft centred baits for less dense, softer moister more soluble base mixes when made and can be utilised in an extremely wide range of bait applications. 30 mesh acid casein is a prime ingredient for many applications not just boilies, and pop-up or paste baits. It is ideal for harder more resilient baits against nuisance fish for example and helps binding. Casein has unique properties and a protein content in excess of 90 percent.

Calcium caseinate has been traditionally used in boilies pastes and pop-up mixes in varying levels depending on the buoyancy and density and solubility required as it can be utilised to for all these purposes. It may be used at 4 or 5 ounces per pound in base mixes and even 6 or 7 ounces in buoyant baits. Soluble milk ingredients are a very significant part of carp bait history through the decades so you can imagine how important they are.

I will diverge a bit here and just say you can make a very effective bait just using ordinary wheat flour, betaine, a liquid amino acid, vitamin, mineral and trace element complex along with a subtle flavour, plus maybe additional enhancers, bioactive and metabolic factors, maybe enzyme active substances, and a mixture of protein-based and carbohydrate-based sweeteners. In other words you can easily make fish respond to baits even if they are not high in protein. You base mix does not have to be high in protein at all. In fact it is pretty obvious that much of the proteins available in the very high protein baits of the seventies era for example could not be utilised by carp due to limiting factors for one thing!

Protein ingredients are certainly stimulatory to carp; in fact carp are exceptionally sensitive to the key amines they require for basic survival as the providers of the building blocks of life. They contribute to the make-up of essential substances in carp and humans too, for things such as transporting oxygen to where it is required in chemical processes, and in the production of digestive juices for example. Yes proteins are very vital for life, but certainly not the only answer when formulating successful fishing baits for carp, or catfish, or barbel, or tench or whatever.

I say this because for example, these fish and individuals within each fish species and strain are taste specific, meaning they are more sensitive to various taste substances, and different smell-related components. For example you can do very well on a bait with a particular flavour, but then if you add a particular edible dye in order to produce a highly visual bait you can easily transform that bait into a different maybe less successful bait due to the E numbers in the dye masking significant triggers and attractors within the bait, and such E numbers may even prove to be repellent even though they are classed as edible!

Remember that carp are more than doubly as sensitive as dogs OK! So here is some more food for thought, and I hope this has got your little grey cells buzzing! Revealed in my unique readymade bait and homemade bait carp and catfish bait secrets ebooks is far more powerful information look up my unique website (Baitbigfish) and see my biography below for details of my ebooks deals right now!

By Tim Richardson.

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Making homemade boilies for really outstanding big fishing success is far more than just about mere recipes, ingredients or flavours etc. Carp boilies are made by commercial bait makers and homemade bait makers alike, but the best baits are head and shoulders above the rest; so find out how to make them now!


The best baits are all about gaining the bigger picture and understanding what works best and knowing why this is, so you can maximise this knowledge to maximum effect every time you go fishing, and exploit it at every opportunity. You can even create your very own amazing big fish catching opportunities to keep ahead of the crowd. So read on now for details for beginners and more seasoned bait makers alike. These top tips, and practical insights born of hard experiences will make a genuinely big difference to your catches!


Make your boilies without using eggs and use other forms of protein-rich ingredients and additives that do not seal baits so much that they are massively reduced in their potential effectiveness and truly work from the centre outwards!


Make your boilies without boiling them and steam them fast instead. For example only steam them for just 20 seconds. Or alternatively you can design your boilies so they are resilient baits, but used and applied with the absolute minimum of heating!


Make your boilies with no heating whatsoever so they last up to 20 hours or more intact, without being sealed by any heating coagulation of protein-rich ingredients and additives etc! Although these baits might appear as pastes, they will last like boilies and this is a key skill area that I have developed and value hugely in my own homemade bait-making and fishing approaches!


Make your baits with different and unique materials to those that your fish are used to! (In part note that this means avoid simply copying your celebrity heroes from the magazines and actually thinking for yourself more and more so you come to regard them as no better than anyone else!)


Use bait materials that offer different nutrition and bioactive factors to what fish are offered by the majority of anglers on your water.


If there is a currently dominant boilie on your water think about the reason that this is so! Consider the fact that essential nutritional requirements and bait taste specifics and very many bioactive and other factors in homemade baits of your own design can be harnessed in your own unique baits to out-fish the masses on the popular commercial baits; buck the trend and be a trend-setter for a change and be different!


Make sure your baits are unique in the way that fish experience them in multiple ways through all their sensory systems and more familiar and more obvious fish senses. Homemade baits can easily out-fish popular readymade baits just due to being unique and different when designed with thought.


Try making homemade baits that have unusual surface textures and internal textures that readymade baits rolled and pressed by machine cannot produce!


Make unusual oddly-shaped baits that commercial bait machines cannot produce!


Source additives, enhancers, extracts, ingredients, liquids and so on that you know will never have been experienced by your fish ever before. This is far easier than you might think if you just give it a go!


Try making your boilies and pellets of multiple different sizes.


Try making your baits different colours and shades!


Try combining mixing 2 bait recipes in dough form together just prior to forming your baits to break up the outline and shape of your baits visually.


Try making baits that do not have common colouration, such as black or green or grey or blue, instead of the brown, red, pink, orange, yellow and white and even purple colours and shades etc that wary fish are so used to avoiding these days!


Make your baits using multiple dyes and then mix them so that you combine them together and form multi coloured baits. You can easily do the same with homemade baits for flavours, different sweeteners and special extracts and protein-rich substances and protein liquids and so on, so that for example a third of each of your baits has a different flavour or even nutritional profile and palatability!


Try making baits with a really high level of coarse materials, such as precooked seeds and grains of more unusual kinds and in larger sizes. For instance, wheat cooked in Minamino, then added to your bait mix, or whole hemp soaked in liquid proteins, spice oleoresins etc then added to your boilie base mix. (A boilie base mix is the dry powders, meals etc, that you will add to your liquids to form dough or paste bait.)


If you heat up your baits by boiling, use totally chemical free water, such as mineral water, or at the very least, filtered water.


If boiling your baits remember you will actually lose a very significant part of the feeding stimulation and attraction of your baits into the boiling water so it is lost from baits prematurely; for this reason spike your water with added water soluble substances, such as yeast extract, hydrolysed protein complexes and enhancers and sweeteners etc.


These might even be honey, smooth peanut butter, jam or marmalade, curry source, crab paste, tomato puree, liquidised fruits or liquidised liver; look into why you are doing this and why you are choosing these substances (see my ebooks!)


Remember carp are dynamically learning all the time from everything anglers condition them to be and do and avoid by bad experiences; so be different from the trendy boys on your lake even if they are catching fish; it is an illusion because you can beat them at their own game by being totally different I assure you!


Try impregnating boilies or pastes with different pellets with the freshest and best quality pellets you can source. For example try Carpfishingpellets, and CC Moore; adding these will seriously multiply the various great incentives your fish have for taking your baits compared to other competing baits!


When fishing never over-look the advantage of fishing over combinations of boilies instead of just one recipe. Fish are individuals and each has their own unique sensitivities to tastes, smells and nutritional needs at any point in time etc, plus some are far more wary than others; so think about this and other related individual factors fish as individuals have so you at last catch that rarely caught monster in your water OK!


Make your baits alive! You can make your baits very seriously potent in terms of bioactivity and the impacts of substances in your baits on not merely carp senses acting on them at multiple levels simultaneously, but also you can provide extremely powerful incentives for fish to keep on repeatedly consuming your baits again and again!


Making baits that are genuinely addictive and habit-forming cumulatively and even instantly is no myth. So discover how it is truly done, and how to keep ahead of fish when they get warier; such secrets require a certain level of understanding that anyone can acquire by some reading of my secrets ebooks.


Why use boilies when you can air dry paste as free baits and use scalded paste hook baits; this is far more efficient and effective so use this OK!


If you must boil or steam your baits then replace some of the surface feed triggering and attraction factors in your baits by dusting them as they cool off with certain water-soluble substances (refer to my biography!)


If you are dependant upon readymade baits that is just not necessary; readymade bait bosses learnt their craft in their sheds and on their kitchen tables and so can you! So save yourself loads of money by doing this and improve your understanding of bait and multiply your catches big-time!


Avoid wasting time making round boilies! Most boilies are rounded whether uniformly machine rolled round baits, pressed baits, or chopped pellets or cylinders or barrels. With the modern methods of bait delivery via spod rockets and ground bait launchers and bait boats and all the rest you do not need to make round boilies ever again (and using totally uniquely-shaped baits will catch you far mare big fish!)


If you use readymade baits that the masses can get hold of then create your own bait edges. For instance soak into them a homemade combination of a homemade flavoured oil, flavour, enhancer, sweetener and liquid protein complex, (see down for such secrets and details.)


Try making baits that dissolve very fast indeed, and that leave a deposit of larger particles of crushed nuts, seeds, coarse kelp, soaked insects, pellets and other fragments scattered on the bottom and suspended in the water column to seriously excite and trigger your fish into getting hooked on your hook baits!


Here is a great question about boilies: How many anglers have tested over a long period of time fishing over free bait boilies that are totally a mixture of carefully designed and selected bait mixes? This refers to different recipes, varied nutritional profiles, mixed sizes, colours and flavours, and are composed of dramatically different shapes, textures, buoyancies, densities, solubilities and hardnesses (do yourself a big favour and do it!)


I always laugh when people in magazines go on about chopped boilies. I mean chopped boilies are already boiled or steamed and rolled into pretty shapes (what an expensive waste! Prepare your own boilie mixes, make them into dough. Roll the dough flat and roughly chop really fast into odd shapes and odd sizes. Then heat them or air-dry them and mix your various finished baits together for really awesome unique bait impacts, properties and impacts on fish that are extremely competitive compared to standard readymade baits and takes no time to make with such little effort at all!


You can very easily make extremely potent productive baits without any bait gun, bait rolling and rolling tables; these are a total waste of time in my opinion; why make baits that replicate characteristics of rounded, dense commercial baits that fish find all to easy to avoid getting hooked on?


Always remember that being different and preferably always being unique in your baits and personal approach, and tactics and most of all your thinking, is your greatest fishing edge!


A new bivvy, or a new set of rods, reels or alarms will not do this for you! So do yourself a totally massive favour and really think about what makes your fish harder to catch. Most usually it is your own thinking about the fish, their behaviours and changes and adaptations to your fishing pressure and the baits modes of action and impacts inside fish and the fishing methods you use and so on.


But think about this; even more commonly the greatest barrier to you catching the maximum numbers of fish possible is most usually your own lack of thinking! But you have all the power you need between your ears if you use it creatively and with imagination. Gaining the really big picture about how and why your baits actually work to defeat fish defensive behaviours and instinctive caution is such a giant advantage over 95 percent of anglers you will ever fish against!


Only people who do not seriously know about bait dismiss having credible bait and fish knowledge as a factor of secondary importance, because with it you can dictate fish behaviours, train fish responses and tastes and preferences and even condition their locations, travelling routes and to a degree feeding times and much more to ensure you catch the fish of your dreams instead of just dreaming on and hoping like the vast majority do!


Knowing how to create unique incredibly powerful fish-feeding opportunities for yourself, means you will never again be sitting behind your rods with no clue and thinking you need to change to yet another line or brand of readymade bait! Revealed in my unique readymade bait and homemade bait carp and catfish bait secrets ebooks is far more powerful information. Look up my unique website (Baitbigfish) and see my biography below for details of my ebooks deals right now!


By Tim Richardson.

Now why not seize this moment to improve your catches for life with these unique fishing bibles: “BIG CARP FLAVOURS FEEDING TRIGGERS AND CARP SENSES EXPLOITATION SECRETS!” “BIG CARP AND CATFISH BAIT SECRETS!” And “BIG CARP BAIT SECRETS!” For these and much more now visit:


The home of the world-wide proven homemade bait making and readymade bait success secrets bibles and more unique free bait secrets articles by Tim Richardson!

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