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Fishing Basics – Some Hook Styles and Purposes

Fishing Basics – Some Hook Styles and Purposes

Tuna hooks are almost circular hooks with just holes in the shank-end for the eyes, and a curved-in point. Contrary to its name, these are not for tuna fishing but mostly used for deepwater bottom fishing. The circular configuration makes it difficult for the hooked fish to dislodge the hook once caught due to three barriers: the barb, the turned-in point and the shank end. Theoretically, circle hooks do not catch the fish in the gut or throat, but in the mouth, so that releasing them is easier.

Long shanked hooks. Mostly Limerick, Aberdeen and similar styles, are thin-wire hooks with long shanks and dark colors, from red to black. Some have small burrs at the back of the shank to hold the bait and may have turned-in or turned-out eye. Used primarily to catch soft-mouth fishes like river carp, but also effective for flounder and other flatfishes. This hook style is popular in Great Britain and European coarse fishing.

General purpose hooks. Exemplified by the round haddock, O’Shaughnessy and flatted hooks in their varied styles. Round haddock hooks have large eyes turned along the hook bend and point. Considered not as effective as others but almost perfect for multi-hook trolling flies, since the tinsel or fiber can be threaded through the large eye to hold them more securely. Still remains popular in many areas.

The O’Shaughnessy style is deemed the best all-purpose type, and many variations are available. This style has a small eye turned perpendicular to the bend and point, and with the shank bent a little forward. Variations include the baitholder, with the small points at the shank to hold the soft bait; and snelled hooks with turned-in or -out eyes, sold with short leaders already tied. Weedless hooks are those with a short piece of wire from the eye to the point, to ward off weeds and other water debris from lodging in the hook bend or point. Weedless hooks are mostly used in fishing water with thick vegetation, either with bait or as flyhook. Many hooks can be rigged weedless, though.

On the other hand, the flatted hooks have flat shank ends instead of eyes, the flat part to bar the snell knot from pulling out of the hook. Snelled flattened hooks are popular to light long-liner fishermen, but not to sportfishermen because the thin flattened end breaks rather easily. Also the flat end hurts one’s finger when removing the hook from the fish.

Multi-hooks. A tandem hook is a hook with a smaller no-eye one welded into it. It is used as stinger hook: attached to the main hook with a short leader, then the tandem’s smaller hook is pushed into the tail part of the (usually live) bait to catch wary fishes that attack only the rear part of the bait.

Trebles are three hooks welded into one, commonly used in lures, from crankbaits through trolling lures to diamond jigs. A treble hook is usually attached to the lure via a split ring to give it free play, although some use hook eyes. Trebles can be effective also in certain fly designs, especially those that are made to resemble octopuses or squids.

Special design hooks. These are the keel hooks, jig, Kahle, and offset hooks. Keel (worm) hooks, those with shanks double-bent just below the eye so the point will ride upward, used primarily for saltwater flies and for soft-plastic worms in freshwater fishing. Jig hooks are bent in 90 degrees or so just below the eye which then makes the point to ride up. The lead weight is molded around the shank bend, making the jig virtually weedless.

A Kahle hook has a severe bend in the shank and is largely used for live bait – crawfish, baitfish and shrimp- as well as stink baits. The Skip Gap Worm hook is bent a few times at the shank near the eye to better hold plastic baits such as worms, grubs and newts. The bait is flipped under wood piers and docks or around weeds so a good hold is imperative.

Of a unique style is the offset hooks, which have points bent either left or right (kirbed or reversed). The offset point is believed to hook faster and surer, since the point will bite any way the hook is mouthed by the fish.

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Actually, there are more hook designs than hook-and-line fishing styles, so the angler is faced with some difficulty in selecting his hooks. Added to that is the fact that many hooks designs can serve purposes other than those it was developed for, if with lessened effectiveness. Therefore, one must carefully consider the fishing he is to do to determine the hook he should have, in order to make the best out of his activity.

Hampton Beach Deep Sea Fishing – Amazing Fishing Experience Guaranteed

Hampton Beach offers the best location if are looking to go Deep Sea Fishing. The waters are excellent for fishing with beaches against the most beautiful backdrops, where you can admire the deep sea fishing boats bobbing to and fro. If you are coming for Deep Sea Fishing in Hampton Beach, you will want to check out the best charters for a fantastic trip out to sea in comfort and style.

You can find many packages on offer for the perfect fishing excursion. A half-day excursion can give you a taster so that you can get a feel of the waters, especially if you are a beginner, and to have a go at Deep Sea Fishing to see if it is for you. In Hampton Bay you can get an excellent catch in cod, haddock or mackerel and if you venture out more than three miles offshore up to about twelve miles, you will get more of a choice. Your trip can last about four hours so a newcomer get acquainted with the waters and the process to satisfy their curiosity.

There are Hampton Bay charters for the more experienced, so that you can go out further, giving you a full day of fishing lasting about 8 or 9 hours. Your boat will take you out over twelve miles to about twenty miles, so that you even lose sight of the shore. This gives you the perfect opportunity to fish for the more exotic catches of sandsharks, wolfish, also the chance to get some larger sized haddock, redfish and tuna for a wonderful experience.

For the complete novice, who may not quite be cut out for this Deep Sea Fishing, there are the inshore services of Hampton Bay charters, which will just take you offshore for about two miles for a trip lasting about two or three hours. Here, try catching some flounder, some small mackerel, perch, as well as other inshore specimens. The cost of this will of course be less expensive, an attractive choice for those who want a taster, unsure of their interest in Deep Sea Fishing and those who are afraid of the sea or deeper Swaters, and especially if you think you may get sea sickness.

For the warmer weather of Spring and Summer, you could be more adventurous and feel like trying an extended trip in the bay. The fish are out in force in the waters, so the charter services in Hampton Bay can offer you a marathon trip of 12 hours, going much farther out to sea, to get the true feel and experience that you expect from Deep Sea Fishing.

Anglers out on Hampton Bay target the abundance of cod that is found largely in this area. You can also find bluefish, cusk, haddock, hake, mackerel, pollock that are most common in these waters. With such an array of fishing options in Hampton Bay, and a vast variety to choose from, you will get a fair idea of what it is to go Deep Sea Fishing.

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Homemade Carp Bait Secrets of Enzymes Bacteria Fermentation and Bait Attractors

Ideally, we fishermen would deliver the hook on its own, direct into the mouth of the fish by magic!

Well, there is ‘magic’ available if we look a little deeper…

People have thought of many unique and advanced methods to get their fishing hook delivery ‘fool-proof;’ from using semi-permeable membranes filled with amino acids, to ‘sponge hooks’ full of irresistible goodies! The next best thing is to deliver a bait which is ‘alive’ with amino acids, because it is being actively digested by various means!

There are various enzymes that act upon the different food groups, some which may be sourced, to use in your bait to predigest its food group ingredients, making your bait a far more energy-efficient nutrition source, so making it as attractive as possible:

Proteins (proteases): trypsin pH (3.5 to 6), bromelain pH 3 to 10, papain, acetyltyrosine, actinidine, fincin

Carbohydrates and starch (amylases): amylase, bromelain, diastase

Fats and oils (lipase)

Milk constituents: lactase

White sugar (sucrase): iron sucrose

Malt sugars and grains (maltase, diastase)

Dietary fiber / Cellulose: (cellulase)

The crystalline forms of trypsin, amylase and can be used for example. Fishing bait companies offer it. They are the enzymes the carp use themselves in digestion.

For natural enzymic application, for example, amylolytic yeast strain enzymes have shown similar optimum temperature and pH ranges in tests on wheat, as amylases from bacteria.

Betaine is ‘closely related to’ cystine, and is a proven attractor. Used in bait, it has been claimed to work best with the combined use of plenty of amino acids. It is recommended at 1 to 2 grams per pound, although it is more effective at far higher doses…

It is also used in aquaculture feeds and been used by ‘select’ anglers for years as in ‘Finnstim’ in milk protein baits.

The crystal form of bromelain (from pineapple) is supplied by health food companies as a ‘tonic,’ and taken at up to 1000 mgs a day as a human digestion aid. It efficiently ‘hydrolyses’ most soluble proteins at pH 3 to 10, at a wide range of temperatures for liquid and many amazing carp attracting substances.

Casein, hemoglobin, gelatin, soya protein, fish and shellfish proteins, etc. These are converted to peptides and amino acids. It has (very conveniently for us) a wide range of effective acid-base levels (pH), and temperatures.

Mixed with base mix ingredients, they gradually reduce the structure to a mush, if levels are too high; a teaspoon per pound is sufficient to begin the effect. Once boilies and other baits have been prepared and left to cool and dry after boiling, freeze immediately, to prevent baits predigesting too quickly in advance of fishing. Enzyme-treated baits lose much of their unique attractiveness if the enzyme activity is reduced or stopped for any reason, before ‘backside’ use.

In the 1980s, I once met the world carp record holder (at that time), Kevin Ellis, while he was fishing. He was throwing his free baits out before casting out. He explained that the large drum, full to the top with bait (looked like many ‘kilos’) would all have to go into the water immediately – before it all ‘melted;’ because it was so extremely enzyme-active! (But obviously very highly effective!)

Using enzymes, it’s recommended by some to keep hook baits in a pre warmed flask, e.g. 60 plus degrees, to keep the enzymes active right up to the point of use. This is all worthwhile. Results on such baits can be truly amazing when sufficient bait has been applied to a water, extracting the very biggest fish, even, at times, in days rather than weeks!

I’d always keep my hook baits warm, even if only to allow more bacteria to act and begin ‘bioactive fermentation’ on the bait, making them feel ‘sticky’ and smell slightly ‘sickly’, as sugars and alcohols are produced.

You can use a pre warmed flask to keep your hook baits actively curing, even if you’re not using enzymes in your bait. Getting your baits to begin to ferment is one of the best ways to deliberately maximize your ‘finished’ boilies’ attraction. ‘Bioactivity’ by natural bacterial enzymes can be used on any ‘chemically unpreserved’ fresh or frozen bait.

This is one of the ‘secret’ methods those anglers ‘in the know’ have always used as an edge. Even use it on any frozen fresh shop-bought baits. Defrost them an average 2 to 3 days before use, and keep them warm until use! (Bring them more ‘alive’ by encouraging bacterial ‘bioactivity!’)

It is obvious that bacteria play a vital role in the way carp source and are able to synthesis food because the digestive tract is so short and inefficient compared to our own. The carp digestive tract has evolved in a way that reflects the aquatic food sources available. It seems to extract maximum nutritional benefits in ways that are very different from our own digestion! What a carp eats and how it prefers it in a particular state of breakdown may seem amazing and even disgusting to us!

Did you know that 10 out of 10 dogs prefer their food sweetened! Specialist bacteria are put into dog food to create more of this effect to trigger the dogs into ‘salivating’ and consequently picking up their food and eating it. Dog food companies spend £1000’s in research to develop the best of this effect in their products!

The action of these enzymes has much in common with what we are aiming to achieve, in baits for carp!

Modern ‘Balanced profile’ carp boilie baits mean ‘optimally attractive’, correct ratios of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and supplemental vitamins, minerals, salt, and trace elements. These are not at all necessary to catch carp, but they certainly have many many benefits on catches and carp general health and growth rates!

Remember, the carp has a very short, alkaline digestive tract! Ideally, this food needs to be in a form that is actively breaking down, for the carp to derive best benefits from it, or, in an easily digestible form, like that in bloodworms, fly larvae, shrimps or water snails, etc.

One thing in favour of paste or dough baits and even pellets of different types, is they do not suffer the harmful effects of boiling.

Sometimes, this point is reached in ‘free baits’, days after you’ve gone home, as bacteria act on them in the water. It is more than likely that this is the easiest form for the carp to digest!

The absolute ‘cutting edge’ of carp bait production, may be in keeping enzymes stable in baits after boiling, and may even involve using natural bacterial enzymes in combination with balanced casein / soya bean ‘peptone’ content, for example. It may be possible that more enzymes are produced as more pre-digested materials are produced inside the ‘active’ boilie bait, (like pork or milk, or yeast, or liver extracts,) as bacteria levels are improved and become more abundant?

One important area is the science of retaining enzyme stability in heat and changing pH conditions in the bait. PH ‘buffers’ are involved to protect enzyme potential and activity.

In experiments involving ‘thermos table alkaline enzyme and industrial bacteria’, the best naturally produced, protein digesting enzyme (protease) levels, occurred using: (Peptone 1V), ‘Soy tone’, Corn steep liquor, Casein, Gelatin and beef extract.

Enzyme production using the industrial ‘peptone 1V’ was dependant upon its concentration: too much, and there was an excessive nitrogen build-up, as in amino acids and ammonia, which then reduced the protease production. (The peptone was the nitrogen and carbon source). ‘Soy tone’ produced the second-best enzyme production, and the third was corn steep liquor.

I would surmise from this, that not only can corn steep liquor be effective in translating whole food proteins into digestible forms by bacterial enzyme or other means, but also it may stimulate the production of free L-glutamic acid, within the bait ingredients producing a self digesting, self taste-enhancing bait!

Top catches are mostly achieved by those people who ‘push barriers a little,’ who think and do things a little differently to the majority. So go on; why not be a little bit different; the fantastic rewards are just waiting for you!

The author has many more fishing and bait ‘edges’ up his sleeve. Every single one can have a huge impact on catches.

By Tim Richardson.

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Tim Richardson is a homemade carp and catfish bait-maker, and proven big fish angler. His bait making and bait enhancing books / ebooks are even used by members of the “British Carp Study Group” for reference. View this dedicated bait secrets website now…

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Your Basic Fishing Equipment

So what equipment do you need nowadays to go fishing?

Well, the basics are of course a rod, a fishing line, weights, hook and bait; however, it doesn’t always stop there.

Equipment needed for fishing would also depend on which type of fishing you want to do. Types of fishing include, deep sea fishing, lake fishing, pond fishing, canal fishing or perhaps carp fishing.

Some types of fishing also require a licence, so it is important to find out if your chosen type of fishing involves you applying for a fishing licence.
The ideal way to find out exactly what you would need for your chosen type of fishing would be to walk into a tackle shop and discuss equipment with the person behind the counter.

If you walk into a fishing shop, presented before you would be a mass of equipment and accessories from rods and reels to chairs and tents. You could even buy an electronic bite alert, therefore, talking to someone experienced would be a great help when considering what equipment you need.

Fishing equipment can be as cheap or expensive as you want it to be. Fishing in lakes and ponds may only require the bear minimum. Why take the fun out of fishing by adding all the expense? We already know it is possible to enjoy a great day out fishing without having to spend a fortune on equipment.

For the more serious fisherman, using a wooden pole and stones as weights simply would not do, especially if they are on a fishing weekend.

Fishing at night is said to be more successful than daytime fishing if you want to bait a particular fish. Most fish are more active at night looking for their feed, therefore, many fisherman will leave their homes at 11 – 12 pm at night to set up for a nights fishing.

On top of your essential fishing equipment, you would also need to consider waterproof clothing, a large umbrella, seating and perhaps even a tent.

Once you do have your equipment, and you have spent the day on the lakes catching your bait, remember to rinse off your reels and rods in fresh water, this is especially so if you have been fishing in salt water.

Most equipment is fine in a cool dry environment, but do not be tempted to lean your rod up against a wall, this could cause your rod to warp, instead, store them vertically or horizontally.

Whatever equipment you decide to purchase for the type of fishing you choose, we all know that fishing is fun.

A recent study showed that most fisherman fish for any type of fish and happy with whatever they catch, just as long as they catch something. In this case, equipment needed for fishing would perhaps prove to be less expensive and a lot more fun.

This is the type of fishing the kids are interested in, however, you still have to watch those pockets, as kids come up with all kinds of equipment they ‘need’ and just cannot do without. Sound familiar?

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